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California to ban sale of new gas-powered cars by 2035

  • September 25, 2020

In the fight against climate change and air pollution, California says it will ban the sale of new gas-powered cars by the year 2035, and is encouraging other states to follow suit, despite pushback from carmakers and the Trump administration.

Californian Governor Gavin Newsom on Wednesday announced the executive order that will require all new passenger vehicles sold in the state — with 39.5 million residents, America’s most populous — to be zero-emission within 15 years. The governor signed the order on the hood of a prototype red electric Ford Mustang Mach-E at a press conference in the state capital Sacramento.

Governor of California Gavin Newsom signs an executive order requiring all new vehicles sold in California to be zero-emission by 2035

The order is most ambitious move to date made by California or any other US state towards ending the dominance of the internal combustion engine. The move adds California to the ranks of at least 15 countries, including Germany and the UK, that have committed to phasing out the sale of gas-powered vehicles.

“For too many decades, we have allowed cars to pollute the air that our children and families breathe,” Governor Newsom said in a press release.

“Our cars shouldn’t make wildfires worse — and create more days filled with smoky air,” Newsom said. “Cars shouldn’t melt glaciers or raise sea levels threatening our cherished beaches and coastlines.”

Five of the largest wildfires in the state’s history are currently burning in California, part of a record wildfire season that has ravaged an unprecedented 3.6 million acres. California cities like Los Angeles and San Francisco and other West Coast cities in Oregon and Washington state have recorded some of the worst air quality in the world due to the smoke from the fires.

  • California wildfires cast ‘scary’ orange glow over San Francisco


    For many San Francisco residents, the skies offered an ominous overtone to the day. The city’s renowned Golden Gate Bridge was barely visible from either end. But the local fire department tried to offer a hopeful message when it addressed the city’s residents. “We know the smoke, darkness and orange glow is scary,” the fire department said in a tweet. “It’s going to get better.”

  • California wildfires cast ‘scary’ orange glow over San Francisco

    ‘Greatest loss of human lives’

    Orange skies over San Francisco were a symptom of deadly wildfires burning across northern California. Authorities in Butte County said three people had died as thousands fled their homes. California, Oregon and Washington are struggling to contain devastating wildfires, with Oregon Governor Kate Brown warning it “could be the greatest loss of human lives and property” in the state’s history.

  • California wildfires cast ‘scary’ orange glow over San Francisco

    ‘Dark out there’

    Hours before the San Francisco Giants were to face off the Seattle Mariners, the orange skies made an empty stadium look even bleaker as the smoke blocked out the sun. “The lights were on when I first got here,” said athletics manager Bob Melvin. “It has been dark out there all day. I don’t have any sunglasses to go out there with today.”

  • California wildfires cast ‘scary’ orange glow over San Francisco

    ‘Historically unprecedented’

    Experts have warned that the blazes are laying waste to large swaths of land. Daniel Swain, a climate scientist at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), estimated the fires had burned through more than 1,000 square kilometers (386 square miles) in the last 24 hours alone. “The unbelievable rates of spread now being observed on these fires is historically unprecedented,” he said.

The governor’s office said transportation is responsible for over half of the carbon pollution in the state, and that parts of California are currently breathing some of the most toxic air in the country.

Read more: ‘Wildfires are climate fires’: How to talk about climate emergency, global heating  

The new regulations are also to include a mandate for all medium- and heavy-duty trucks by 2045 “where feasible.”

Californians will still be permitted to own and sell vehicles that run on fossil fuels, the governor’s office said.

The latest order fits into California’s broader goal of cutting greenhouse gas emissions in the state to 80% of 1990 levels by 2050.

Transportation sector emissions in the state have, however, increased in the recent years.

Job killer or job creator?

The move flies in the face of the pro-fossil fuel stance taken by US President Donald Trump, who has attempted to block California from requiring the sale of electric vehicles.

White House spokesman Judd Deere called the move “alarming,” saying it would kill jobs and raise costs for consumers.

“I don’t think we should be taking any steps to get rid of fossil fuels,” White House economic advisor Larry Kudlow said in a press briefing. “There should be consumer choice for all automobiles,” he said.

Presidential candidate Joe Biden “thinks of it in terms of incentives and investments, not bans,” said spokesman for the Democratic nominee Matt Hill.

Electric vehicles should “create a million good-paying union jobs, dominate a fast-growing market worldwide, and meet the demands of the climate crisis,” he said in a statement.

“Neither mandates nor bans build successful markets,” said John Bozzella, the CEO of an

alliance of major carmakers that includes General Motors Company, Toyota Motor Corp. and Volkswagen AG.

Electrified vehicles account for less than 10% of new vehicle sales in California, the group said, though this is still higher than any other US state.

The order also calls for the development of California’s rail and transit system and greater infrastructure for bicycles and pedestrians. Newsom also called on legislators to ban the oil extraction method known as fracking, but stopped short of issuing an executive order.

What happens next

To implement the order, California’s Air Resource Board (CARB) will now have to create regulation that will turn the governor’s mandate into a legally binding requirement.

But the order could still be blocked by the Trump administration, which has sought to override California’s authority to set its own car emission rules.

Nearly a dozen states have joined California in a lawsuit against the Trump administration over its attempts to undo vehicle emissions standards set in the state under the Obama administration.

Read more: How divestment stacks up against fossil fuels

If courts uphold the Trump order, which seeks to ban California from setting quotas for electric vehicles, legal experts have the 2035 mandate would not hold.

Accounting for 11% of all US vehicle sales, California’s environmental mandates are often taken up by other states.

Newsom’s order also calls for cooperation from private businesses, who are to speed up implementing charging networks for electric cars and fueling stations for nonpolluting fuels like hydrogen.

According to the governor’s office, zero-emission vehicles will be as cheap or cheaper than traditional, combustion engine cars by the time the order goes into effect.

Presciently, California-based carmaker Tesla on Tuesday announced it would be able to halve the price of its car batteries and that a $25,000 (€21,500) self-driving car would be available within around three years.

By then, experts have said, other carmakers will have similarly competitive offers. 

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